This video shows the top 10 Byzantine emperors of all time. Born in 1221/1222 as the only son of John III, he succeeded on his father's death. Ῥωμαῖοι and Rûm). Justinian I, Byzantine emperor (527–565), noted for his administrative reorganization of the imperial government and for his sponsorship of a codification of laws known as the Code of Justinian (Codex Justinianus; 534). Originally named Artemios. Son of Basil I, Alexander was born in 870 and raised to co-emperor in 879. Due to his minority he was under the regency of his mother, Born in 1032, a successful general he married empress-dowager, Born in 1056, a nephew of Isaac I Komnenos. Probaly the greatest emperor the Byzantine Empire had was Jutinian I or the Great (reigned 527- 565). He tried to repel the Crusaders, but they, Born c. 1174, he rose to prominence as a son-in-law of Alexios III. He usurped the throne from his grandfather John V for five months in 1390, but with Ottoman mediation he was reconciled with John V and his uncle, Manuel II. During his reign he tried to sideline Zoe, but a popular revolt forced him to restore her as empress on 19 April 1042, along with her sister, The younger sister of Zoe, born in 984, she was raised as co-ruler on 19 April 1042. Named co-emperor in September 1261, crowned in 1272, he succeeded as sole emperor on Michael's death. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Their names were preceded by Imperator Caesar and followed by Augustus. Raised to co-emperor in summer 641 after his father's death due to army pressure, he became sole emperor after the forced abdication of his uncle Heraklonas. Raised to co-emperor c. 1416, he succeeded his father on his death. Only the emperors who were recognized as legitimate rulers and exercised sovereign authority are included, to the exclusion of junior co-emperors (symbasileis) who never attained the status of sole or senior ruler, as well as of the various usurpers or rebels who claimed the imperial title. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. The Western Roman Empire continued until 476. Best Byzantine emperor? In later centuries, the Emperor could be referred to by Western Christians as the "Emperor of the Greeks". He was overthrown on Irene's orders. Justinian expanded the empire, construction projects of Byzantine (ex: Hagia Sophia), code of Justinian. 1025-1028. Born in 1223, great-grandson of Alexios III, grandnephew of John III by marriage. Laskarid dynasty (Empire of Nicaea, 1204–1261), Palaiologan dynasty (restored to Constantinople, 1261–1453), p. 183, Karayannopoulous, Yanis, "State Organization, Social Structure, Economy, and Commerce,", Byzantine Empire under the Justinian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Heraclian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Isaurian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Nikephorian dynasty, Nikephoros I "Genikos" or "the Logothete", Byzantine Empire under the Amorian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Macedonian dynasty, Michael VI Bringas "Stratiotikos" or "the Old", Byzantine Empire under the Komnenos dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Doukas dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Angelos dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Palaiologos dynasty, List of Byzantine emperors of Armenian origin, "European Middle Ages: The Byzantine Empire", Displaying the Emperor's Authority and Kharaktèr on the Marketplace, Spain (Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Byzantine_emperors&oldid=995712876, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Born on 7 August 317, as the second surviving son of Constantine I, he inherited the eastern third of Roman Empire upon his father's death, sole Roman Emperor from 353, after the overthrow of the western usurper. A successful general, he fell out with his uncle and led a conspiracy of disgruntled generals who murdered him. Heraclius was a gifted general and led a vigorous series of campaigns against the Sassanians, who themselves were governed at the time by a … Born on 25 January 750 as the eldest son of Constantine V. Co-emperor since 751, he succeeded upon his father's death. He was raised to, General and brother-in-law of Leo I, he seized power from Zeno but was again deposed by him. Born in 321. Due to their failure to deal with the Crusaders' demands, he was deposed by Alexios V Doukas in January 1204, and was strangled on 8 February. Co-emperor since 821, he succeeded on his father's death. Succeeded upon the death of his father. Emperors listed below up to Theodosius I in 395 were sole or joint rulers of the entire Roman Empire. How old was queen elizabeth 2 when she became queen? On the death of Theodosius I in 395, the, Born on 10 April 401, the only son of Arcadius. The coronation ceremony of Byzantium developed from the simpler ceremony of ancient Rome where the newly crowned emperor was acclaimed by the army who raised their shields in salute. Emperor Diocletian then tried to save the Roman Empire by ___ it to make it more manageable. Born in 771, the only child of Leo IV. Both the Roman and Byzantine Empire were ruled by ___ who had absolute power over their empires. During his short reign he was an indifferent ruler, easily influenced by his courtiers and suspicious of plots to depose him, especially among the military aristocracy, many of whom were. Born in July 718, the only son of Leo III. Ask anyone, I dare you. Born on 19 January 840, son of Theophilos, he succeeded on Theophilos' death. Of Armenian descent, Ioannes Tzimisces entered the imperial army and fought with Nicephorus against the Arabs in Cilicia and Syria. Eastern Orthodox. Reigned under the name of Tiberius until deposed by Justinian II in 705. 912 to the powerful, Nephew of Nikephoros Phokas, Tzimiskes was born ca. Following Heraclius, the title commonly became the Greek Basileus (Gr. He died of exhaustion after a polo game. Erroneously called "Constantine the Bearded" by historians through confusion with his father. History Periods. Increasingly unpopular and tyrannical, he was deposed and executed by Heraclius. In 700, a Byzantine emperor prohibited the worship of icons. It was under Constantine that the major characteristics of what is considered the Byzantine state emerged: a Roman polity centered at Constantinople and culturally dominated by the Greek East, with Christianity as the state religion. Aristocrat and military leader, brother-in-law of Gratian, who appointed him as emperor of the East. A bureaucrat and secretary under Philippikos, he was raised to the purple by the soldiers who overthrew Philippikos. 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