INSTRUMENTS IN THE FLUTE FAMILY . Notes written above A6 are not often used as they are difficult to produce and have inferior tone. Flûte d’amour. With a length of approximately 30 cm, the piccolo resounds loudly in the performer’s right ear when the instrument is played. It is of ancient origin and was first made of wood. According to the instrument classification of Hornbostel–Sachs, flutes are categorized as edge-blown aerophones. Flute – Care and Maintenance of a Flute Check the reflective plate! Kotato basses have addressed the weight problem of bass flutes by designing a graphite rod that screws onto the underside of the instrument and then rests on the chair seat between the player’s legs. The flute is a family of musical instruments in the woodwind group. A3-D4 The tone becomes less secure and loses some of the lower partials and it is great for blending. [original research?] Copyright - Exclusively Flutes - All Rights Reserved - Site by, THE FLUTE FAMILY – There are 12 members of the flute family, The hyperbass flute is the largest and lowest pitched instrument in the, , one octave below the lowest C on a standard, The first known example of the instrument was built by Francesco Romei, a, The double contrabass flute (sometimes also called the octobass flute or, The subcontrabass flute is one of the largest instruments in the, The subcontrabass flute is rarely used outside of flute ensembles. The subcontrabass flute is rarely used outside of flute ensembles. Hyperbass flute. THE FLUTE FAMILY – There are 12 members of the flute family, in order from smallest/highest to largest/biggest: Piccolo. The 500 and 600 series combine the brillance of nickel silver with the characteristic mellow timbres of sterling silver, while the 700 series delivers warmth and expressive color that only the finest silver flutes can provide. The instrument can be made in the key of G, pitched a fourth below the contrabass flute in C and two octaves below the alto flute in G; which is sometimes also called double contra-alto flute, or in C, which will sound three octaves lower than the C flute. Within the woodwind family, there are two main types of instruments: reed instruments and flutes. The bass flute is an octave lower than the standard concert flute, so its lowest note is C, the same note as the lowest string of the viola. The shorter tube also makes the instrument somewhat lighter and less fatiguing for the player to hold. As shown in the illustration below, the piccolo is pitched an octave higher than the flute and produces a brilliant, high-pitched sound. Its lowest note is G - the same note as the lowest string of the violin - but it is written as piano middle C, a fourth higher, so all its music is written a fourth higher than it sounds. There are two types of methods used in playing the flute: side-blown or end-blown. It is usually only used in flute choirs, as it is easily drowned out by other instruments of comparable register, such as the clarinet. It is a member of the woodwind family even though it is made of metal and doesn’t use a reed to create the sound. The piccolo is by far the second most recognized of instruments in the flute family. Their main use has been in large flute choirs and occasionally in film scores. Soprano flute. Treble flute. Because of the length of its tube (approximately 146 cm or 57 in), it is usually made with a curved headjoint, sometimes in a "J" shape, to bring the embouchure hole within reach of the player. It is pitched in C, four octaves below the concert flute (three octaves below the bass flute, two octaves below the contrabass flute, and one octave below the double contrabass flute), with its lowest note being C0, one octave below the lowest C on a standard piano. Adjustable rods have also been developed by Jeff Amos. Questions about flutes, flute players, and flute music belong here. Air might be blown across an edge, as with a flute; between a reed and a surface, as with a clarinet; or between two reeds, as with a bassoon. It is sometimes called the “gentle giant” of the flute family because of its gentle sound. The piccolos history is very similar to that of the flute, but although it was developed in the 18th century, at about the same time as the flute, the piccolo only gained prominence a century later, when composers began using the piccolo r… The woodwind family of Instruments by Green Bean's Music.This video is from our musical instrument family series for kids. The characteristic structure consists of an enclosed sound chamber, or resonator, with strings passing over all or part of it, and a neck along which the strings… The bass flute is pitched in the key of C, and one octave below the concert flute. The flute is the oldest known instrument in the world. The most recent instruments are curved like the contrabass. Due to the instrument’s bore width (the diameter of the tube is approximately three inches), the sonic possibilities are almost endless, with excellent response to overtones, singing tones, and multiphonics (chord tones). Khandekar Wooden Handmade Musical Flute Musical Instrument, Musical Instruments for Professional Use, Flute For Kids, Wooden Traditional Flute, Kids Music Flute - Brown, 13 … Like the flute, the piccolo is a descendant of the military fife of the Middle Ages, which sounded at a tone above the piccolo. It is sometimes called the “gentle giant” of the flute family because of its gentle sound. Most basses come with trill keys which allow the player to stabilize some otherwise unstable middle register notes as well as trill between otherwise impossible notes. Piccolo Pitched in C Lowest note that can be played is a below the staff D Sounds one octave higher than written Used in most high school bands (both in varsity and non-varsity bands) and orchestras—wooden is preferable to plastic The alto flute has a slightly gentler sound, while the bass flute boasts a total tube length of around 130 cm and is pitched a… It is so large that the instrument's body is held vertically, with an adjustable floor peg similar to that of the bass clarinet. In order to produce a tone on the flute, the player blows across the tone hole of the mouthpiece, allowing the air to split at the far edge of the hole. The piccolo flute is usually known as the "piccolo", which means "little", and is the smallest flute. Alto flute. The sound happens when the air vibrates inside. Bass flutes are most often made with silver plated bodies and head joints. The lute family includes not only short-necked plucked lutes such as the lute, oud, pipa, guitar, citole, gittern, mandore, rubab, and gambus and long-necked plucked lutes such as banjo, tanbura, bağlama, bouzouki, veena, theorbo, archlute, pandura, sitar, Tanbur, setar, but also bowed instruments such as the Yaylı tambur, rebab, erhu, and entire family of viols and violins. The contrabass flute is two octaves below the concert flute, or one octave below the bass flute. A workable range of two and a half octaves the instrument has some projection issues, though the Hogenhuis models designed from PVC can make a fine, vibrant and raucous tone when required. Its lowest note is C1, one octave below the cello‘s lowest C. This flute is relatively easy to play in comparison to most other large flutes. It is usually only used in flute choirs, as it is easily drowned out by other instruments of comparable register, such as the clarinet. There appear to be wide tone holes, made from standard tee fittings, but without keys; these are covered with the palms of the hands. Flute, French flûte, German Flöte, wind instrument in which the sound is produced by a stream of air directed against a sharp edge, upon which the air breaks up into eddies that alternate regularly above and below the edge, setting into vibration the air enclosed in the flute. It is in the key of C, pitched one octave below the concert flute. The player can bend them in tune through blowing technique or use alternate fingerings. Woodwind instruments include flute, piccolo, clarinet, recorder, bassoon, and oboe. Unlike woodwind instruments with reeds, a flute is an aerophone or reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across an opening. The piccolo has It has two pieces, the head and the body. Double contrabass flute. It is in the key of G, pitched one octave below the alto flute, and a fourth below the bass flute. The player blows air across the small hole in the mouthpiece to produce a sound that can be either soft and mellow or high and piercing. The modern flute family has a combined pitch range which is equal to that of the string family, but regardless of each instrument's individual compass, its music is always written in the treble clef. Despite the tendency of the larger sizes of flute to be softer than their higher pitched relatives, the double contrabass flute has a relatively powerful tone, although it usually benefits from amplification in ensembles. Contra-alto flute . The instrument’s sounding range is from C3, one octave below middle C, to C6, two octaves above middle C. Bass flute music sounds an octave lower than it is written, which is the typical concert flute range (C4 to C7). Flute Family; Flute (5894) Recorder (3013) Whistle (19) Ocarina (6) Tin Whistle (3) Pan Flute (1) Panpipes (1) Pennywhistle (1) Slide Whistle (1) Double Reed (4739) … At present, the subcontrabass flute is an instrument that must be custom ordered. The baroque flute (traverso, traversière) in D emerged toward the end of the 17th century, apparently the invention of the Hotteterre family of woodwind players/makers in Paris. There are 12 members of the flute family, in order from smallest/highest to largest/biggest: Prior to the mid-20th century, the term “bass flute” was sometimes used, especially in Great Britain, to refer to the, Flute – Canadian flute player and filmmaker performs live soundtrack music. The Ancient Summarians, Egyptians and Greeks were all known to use flutes, as depicted in early carvings however these were all front-blown flutes (similar to the recorder), rather than the transverse (side-blown) flute we know today. History Aside from the human voice, flutes are the earliest recorded musical instruments. Now, however, the flute is made of silver and other metals. Gemeinhardt Model 3 Flute Offset G C Foot. A musician who plays the flute can be referred to as a flute player, flautist, flutist or, less commonly, fluter or flutenist. Prior to the mid-20th century, the term “bass flute” was sometimes used, especially in Great Britain, to refer to the alto flute instead (for example: the part for “bass flute in G” in Gustav Holst‘s The Planets). The double contrabass flute (sometimes also called the octobass flute or subcontrabass flute) with over 18 feet of tubing is the largest and lowest pitched metal flute in the world (the hyperbass flute has an even lower range, though it is made out of PVC pipes and wood). Because of the length of its tube (approximately 146 cm), it is usually made with a “J” shaped head joint, which brings the embouchure hole within reach of the player. The modern Western flute family has a surprising number of members, many of which are represented in the Space Coast Flute Orchestra. Mendini C Flute Silver Plated Open Hole Offset G Split E Tuner Case Stand. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Low flute specialist Peter Sheridan commissioned the first fully chromatic hyperbass flute from the Dutch maker Jelle Hogenhuis in August 2010. It is pitched in the key of C, three octaves below the concert flute (two octaves below the bass flute and one octave below the contrabass flute). At present, the subcontrabass flute is an instrument that must be custom ordered. Pre-Christian portrayals of the early flute appear on Roman/Greek artifacts. It is not unusual for a performer who plays the flute to switch to other members of the flute family: the piccolo, alto flute and bass flute. Woodstock Bright Blue Pan Flute Easy to Play Toy Musical Instrument Kpanl. Eastar EFL-2 Open/Close Hole C Flutes 16 Keys Silver Plated Beginner Flute Set with Fingering Chart, … This is so that the player who plays the familiar-sized flute used in the symphony orchestra can adapt easily to any other size of flute. In addition, the PVC appears to produce a broad tone. The subcontrabass flute is one of the largest instruments in the flute family, measuring over 15 feet (4.6 m) long. The hyperbass flute is made of PVC and wood. Flute A small, cylindrical woodwind instrument, usually made of silver, that is held sideways to the mouth. The flute is the smallest and highest pitched beginning band instrument. Its pitch is changed by … It is a tube with one open end and one capped end. Although the PVC instrument was designed to be an ensemble instrument it was soon discovered by various solo artists who saw the merits of the instrument for their musical purposes. Modern flutes are made of silver, gold or platinum; there are generally 2 to 4 flutes in an orchestra. Bass flutes often have a C foot rather than the B foot common to other flutes. Other articles where Lute family is discussed: stringed instrument: Lutes: …in the world is the lute (the word is used here to designate the family and not solely the lute of Renaissance Europe). This instrument’s unique sound quality, dark tone, and at times sluggish articulation make for excellent solo opportunities. Its music is written in the treble clef, an octave higher than it sounds. The instrument is comparatively light, weighing only 7kg (compared to 15 kg for the brass version), and can be produced relatively quickly and inexpensively. Subcontrabass flute. The contra-alto flute is one of the largest instruments in the flute family. It's about 33cm long, that's roughly half the size of the concert flute. The bass flute is the bass member of the flute family. The first known example of the instrument was built by Francesco Romei, a Florentine craftsman, for Italian flautist Roberto Fabbriciani. 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