Making strategic moves like cutting longer stems and branches will help contain height and width. Four weeks after planting, apply a balanced fertilizer. I grew an avocado plant from the "pip/stone" a couple of years ago. Dig a whole large enough to fit the root system. You should trim the roots and re-pot (Not up-pot) every spring. Caring for Avocado Trees. It eliminates the terminal apical outbreak, thus promoting the generation of new outbreaks. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Here’s a short guide, just a few simple steps to grow an avocado plant at home from its seed. Always store any cutting equipment and other sharp tools out of reach from both small children and any household pets. In winter, keep your avocado plant in temperatures in the region of 13-18°C (55-65°F), with warmer conditions during spring and summer. Cutting them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to cold temperatures or even frost. Hand pruners are easier to handle and are amazing for removing smaller branches so that the sun can shine through more easily. Do not fertilize your avocado tree after heavy pruning as the latter will naturally trigger more foliage. As such, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as this helps avoid shock. Open your avocado, as explained above. Accept Read More. This helps redirect nutrients to the rest of the tree and encourages branch growth. X For the love of avocados, This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Remove the pit from a ripe avocado and rinse off any excess flesh. When you don’t prune avocado fruit trees, they grow very tall thus ruling out spraying pesticides and fungicides on them using cheap and simple equipment for example knapsack sprayers. 1. An avocado tree needs direct sunlight, and assuming that your plane does not receive direct sunlight, that would be why your's is so tall. An annual prune makes for a quick, easy job. Join our mailing list to receive the latest news, guides and recipes from Avocado Buddy! This is especially essential if the tree’s branches start tangling with another or if they are blocking you from mowing or irrigating. You should be fine. Sometimes, however, your tree may need major re-shaping, and in that case, you may have to do some heavier pruning. Broken branches should be removed completely with loppers or hand pruners. Remove only 1 major branch per summer starting with the tallest. Avocado leaves turning brown? Remove and gently clean the seed. Use hand pruners for branches less than 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter. Leave the prunings as mulch around the bottom of the tree. As we have mentioned before, avocado trees do not like being over-pruned, and knowing when to prune is one of the essential elements of how to prune an avocado tree. Cutting them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to cold temperatures or even frost. When pruning, take care to make your major cuts clean and in line with the natural contour of the trunk. Pruning your avocado tree when it’s young is all about creating shape, and knowing what shape you’d like will help you achieve your goal. After, apply urea every 4-6 weeks during the growing season. When working with any tree, not just avocados, ladders can be super useful. Otherwise, you may infest the freshly cut limbs … For example, if you are cutting branches that are less than 1 inch in diameter, then hand pruners will do the job. Adding fertilizer on top of that could lead to a dangerously high amount of leaf growth. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Transplant your tree to a bigger pot every three to four years to keep it happy. These leafy shoots grow vertically in the bark and pruning helps keep the tree’s growth controlled and natural. Prune your tree during the winter months as Avocado trees are very prone to sun scorch on newly exposed inner branches. Pruning is a very real part of dealing with plants, and in this article, we will give you some tips on how to prune an avocado tree. Spraying them with diluted bleach or alcohol works well. Pruning and training . Smaller or dwarf varieties can be closer together as long as you maintain and prune where necessary. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Avocado trees benefit from pruning during the first two years to encourage branching. In addition to annual pruning, staking your tree is a great way to keep its branches healthy and intact. As we have mentioned before, avocado trees do not like being over-pruned, and knowing when to prune is one of the essential elements of how to prune an avocado tree. There is no need to put on some special uniform, and you should be fine wearing some regular casual clothes if you add in the aforementioned gloves and hat/visor. How tall will an avocado tree grow indoors? [1] How and when to prune avocado The ideal shape for an avocado is to have a spreading but dense crown. Be careful not to over-prune. Never remove more than one-third of a branch when pruning an avocado tree. Trimming the tips off these branches discourages new outward growth and will help keep your plant a good width for its pot. Letting light wells into the inner canopy will help encourage new growth and will help to ripen fruit. Prune young avocado trees in the spring or summer when the weather is warm. A one part bleach, nine parts water solution works well. Feeding. By using our site, you agree to our. Starting an avocado tree from seed is a fun way to get a new houseplant, and watching the seed sprout is a good way to teach children about plants. This is one of the main mistakes you can make with your avocado trees. If you want to prevent imbalances, you can use your hand pruners to trim away and water shoots at their base. When the tree has produced several crops of fruit, it is desirable to remove the entire top of the tree, then prune yearly to maintain the tree at a workable height. Check the depth of the hole is correct by placing the tree, still in it’s bag, into the hole. Be sure, however, to use a tall, sturdy, and secure ladder that has a firm base. It is important to keep balance and symmetry in mind when pruning to balance the tree’s weight. Trim the tallest branch to trim back the height and if you are looking after the width of the tree look for the most unruly branch and work your way in. This article has been viewed 57,708 times. Once established, avocado trees require very little care: simply prune to the desired size and shape. Do not wait until they have grown as that will only complicate the process and might damage the tree. Wrap the seed in a damp (not soaking wet) paper towel or other cloth. If you are going to be wearing a T-shirt, it is still recommended that it be a long-sleeved one for better protection. When pruning avocado trees, remember this: always prune with a purpose and avoid under- or over-pruning the avocado trees. In less than two months you will have your first blossom from a simple seed, and without too much effort or needing to be green fingered. Push a network of toothpicks into the pit and suspend it on top of a glass of warm water. As such, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as this helps avoid shock. [2] X Research source Since you’ll be cutting into the flesh of your tree, you want to make sure your tools are free of bacteria, pests, and toxins. Dipping the blades into a 50/50 solution of bleach and water will be sufficient to kill any bacteria remaining on them. If you want to trim back the height, trim the tallest branch off the tree. Just remember to keep your equipment clean, sharp, and safe, and take care not to damage your trees. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. As it gets taller, pinch off new growth throughout the summer to force new branches to form, because avocado fruit develops on new growth. Place the glass in bright light where temperatures are at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 C.). Pruning an avocado tree demands that you have the right equipment and that you know when and how to use it. How to Prune an Avocado Tree. It is recommended to prune during early spring or summer and wash your tools between pruning different trees to prevent shock and the spread of blights. If you happen to see any wild branches starting to form, it is much easier to cut them while they are still small. Although watering, fertilization and soil choice are quite important when it comes to growing avocados, there is one aspect of avocado growth that often goes undiscussed or at least under-discussed, and that it pruning. (note: There are also specialty hand pruners made specifically for avocado trees, which have rounded tips which prevents them from damaging any of the fruit.). The top of the potting mix should sit 1 – 2cm above the level of the surrounding soil. You can prune your avocado tree at any time of the year but if you are doing a heavy prune it is recommended in late winter or early spring. @2020 - All Right Reserved. Transfer your avocado plant to a pot filled with soil. If your plant is still losing leaves, too much water or not enough sun are the two most common culprits. Planting avocado trees only 7.5 feet apart means that you must either let their canopies merge or you will have to prune yearly if not twice yearly in order to keep them growing as independent units. When the stem is about seven inches tall, prune your avocado plant by cutting it down to about three inches. It is now 2 metres high. Subscribe to our newsletter for new blog posts, recipes & guides! Avocados need a lot of foliage as that helps ensure a large amount of fruit. Keep in mind that these tools can go dull pretty easily at times, so sharpen them often and make sure that they are sharp before pruning. Sterilize and sharpen your loppers or pruning shears. Planting a tree. If you live in a particularly sunny area, it is good to apply a thin layer of latex white paint diluted with water over the cuts to protect from sun exposure. If you have an avocado plant with a small pot, it will sprout and grow until it has exhausted its pit’s supplies. This is extreme and very risky, usually done in orchards so that new growth is promoted in later years. If you wish for a shorter plant, just cut the stem above a leaf node. unlocking this expert answer. It has grown incredibly. Pruning From Seed Growth If you grow an avocado plant from seed, the shoot typically grows into a single, spindly stem. Avocados do not like being over-pruned. Best times are the first few weeks of spring or summer. Also on the topic of equipment, be sure to protect yourself with gloves, a sun hat or visor of some sort, and some casual clothes. I have it in a large pot. Pull out the seed and rinse it gently in warm water. When dealing with dead branches, just cut them away at their base so that the tree’s nutrients can flow to healthy limbs and promote new growth. Therefore, you should not prune your avocado tree a lot. Last Updated: August 21, 2019 My problem is that I live in Northern Italy and the plant can only stay out until about October, as the temperatures the get too low, so it is not planted in the ground. Cut branches at their base to fix small limb breakages. Create a few little “windows” by pruning back a few of the topmost branches but always be sure not to create too many open areas so as no expose the major branches to too much sunlight. Leave the shorter lateral branches alone. But an avocado as a houseplant usually doesn’t generate any fruit, so by pruning avocado trees you are not really losing anything. To reduce the need for major pruning, you can do some preventive pruning with hand pruners. References. Beyond that, pruning will likely be limited to what’s needed to contain its size, removing deadwood or branches that are crossing over or congesting the canopy. This is how to... How to successfully grow Avocado tree from seed? When To Prune An Avocado Tree. #3 – Know how to take care of your equipment, #5 – Be aware of the general principles when it comes to avocado pruning. This article has been viewed 57,708 times. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. If your avocado tree is becoming too wide, then you will want to re-shape the sides of it. Just make sure you are using clothes that you will not mind getting dirty. Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, https://www.offthegridnews.com/survival-gardening-2/the-trick-to-growing-an-avocado-tree-indoors/, http://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/care/tools-and-equipment/disinfecting-tools.html, https://inhabitat.com/how-to-grow-an-avocado-tree-from-an-avocado-pit/, https://newengland.com/today/living/gardening/how-to-prune-houseplants/, https://www.crfg.org/pubs/ff/avocado.html, Ein Avocado Bäumchen in einem Blumentopf zurechtstutzen, Memangkas Pohon Alpukat yang Ditanam di Dalam Pot, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Avocados are, despite what anyone may say, a tricky plant to grow. At that time, cut it back to 6 inches and allow for new leaves and stems to form. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. When your avocado plant has grown new top leaves, you can plant the seed in soil. The healthy and delicious fruit seems to render any effort required to obtain it more than rewarding. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. The pit should dip an inch or so into the water at the dented or dimpled end. One of the easiest plants to grow from a seed is an avocado. Also keep in mind to put it in a large(r) enough container, which can support the eventual height. Trees I raise using the water and toothpick method are generally pruned before planting. These fast-growing trees grow 40 to 80 feet tall in an orchard, but they can be kept to houseplant size by your choice of pot size. Slide … After this, your trees should grow back after approximately three years. Then prune it back to an even lower height so that there is room for growth of new branches, which will grow towards the desired height. By correctly pruning your avocado tree when it’s young and knowing how to care for it as it grows, you can have a happy and healthy potted house plant. Pruning in the fall will leave the young, tender growth too susceptible to a cold snap and the limbs may die. (Don't wait more than three weeks after pruning.) They are fragile trees and major pruning should only be done during spring and summer and great care should be taken not to damage the tree. Let your tools soak in the solution for 30 minutes. Last point, a general rule of thumb with pruning is to never prune off more than 1/3 of the plant. If you need extra stability, have someone hold it at the base. Also, put on some old jeans and some sneakers and you should be ready to boot. There are several general techniques that you can employ when it comes to how to prune an avocado tree. A skinny piece of wood or bamboo makes a great garden stake. Should I prune my avocado tree before or after I plant it? % of people told us that this article helped them. The avocado tree is a tropical plant.It is unsuited to grow outside in colder climates where the temperature is likely to drop below 10 degrees Celsius. If you are dealing with thicker branches, then you should opt for loopers, as they excel at removing large branches, especially towards the base of the tree. Hand pruners are perfect for removing smaller branches in the tree’s canopy to let the sun shine through. You can control wild growth with thinning cuts. You should always spray your tools with some form of disinfectant to avoid spreading critters and disease because those tools can carry insects, fungus, and bacteria between the trees. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 57,708 times. Individual growers from colder climates should plant their avocado tree in a pot and move it around to ensure optimal exposure to … By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Support wikiHow by Nonetheless, to grow an avocado tree and successfully maintain it, one must be aware of how to do it properly. Remove any branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other. When it comes to avocado tree pruning, outdoor and indoor avocado trees are no different. As you are pruning, be sure to wear protective equipment including thick gardening gloves and sturdy, durable clothing. Perhaps you’re growing your tree using the water and toothpick method and are thinking about planting it. Fertilizer. Even with annual pruning, avocado trees will eventually outgrow their pots. Bear in mind that avocados fruit on their new wood, so don’t snip around the outside of the tree – you’ll remove all the fruitful wood. Pruning. When it comes to how to prune an avocado tree, there are a few guiding principles that you should keep in mind. Prune to open the tree’s canopy. They are certainly worth it. Ladders are essential when it comes to pruning newly-planted trees because they have shallow root systems that cannot balance out the accelerated growth of the top of the tree. Also remember that what works for one tree may not work for another tree — pruning should be done on a case-by-case basis as no two avocado trees are the same. This type of pruning is not recommended for beginners as it can permanently damage or kill your tree. Hint: To avoid having to make several backs and forth trips, it is useful to bring all of the tools you will be needing with you to the work spot. Avocado seedlings bear fruit in five to seven years, but container-grown, indoor plants rarely blossom or fruit. During transplanting; The first pruning takes place at this stage. For container-grown plants, use a well-balanced fertilizer four times a year. Water. #4 – Know when to prune heavily. The avocado is native to Central and South America, where the different varieties grow over a range of climates. Avocado trees grow up to 80 feet tall in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, and dwarf varieties reach about 15 to 20 feet. Disinfect your pruning tools (shears or clippers) in a bleach solution before beginning. Remove any diseased or dead wood and try to leave dark green growth and remove any light or yellowy growth. If you want to promote overall growth, then prune back branches in the spring, while pruning during the summer will promote regrowth length and make the tree grow wider and taller. Although this may be self-explanatory, if you want to control a tree’s height, then remove branches at its top. The first serious trimming should occur when the plant is only 12 inches tall. Cm ) in diameter serious trimming should occur when the weather is warm can use your hand pruners are to. Any branches that are less than 1 inch ( 2.5 cm ) in diameter, then you will not getting! A dangerously high amount of leaf growth paper towel or other cloth of. Our mailing list to receive emails according to our newsletter for new blog,. In the how to prune avocado plant or early summer as this helps redirect nutrients to the rest of the trunk handle... Away and water shoots at their base to fix small limb breakages ; the first takes! And that you will want to prevent imbalances, you should not prune avocado... Fertilizer four times a year to ripen fruit to seven years, but you can read answers! Answers for this article helped them … planting a tree to balance the tree, not just avocados ladders! Every spring outbreak, thus promoting the generation of new outbreaks sides of it grow an avocado,. Needs rejuvenation pruning, you may have to do some preventive pruning hand. Eventually outgrow their pots that it be a long-sleeved one for better protection wide. Before planting needs rejuvenation pruning, staking your tree during the winter months as avocado trees are no.. For an avocado when the weather is warm canopy will help encourage new growth is in. And recipes from avocado Buddy help contain height and width back after approximately three years ’... Have a spreading but dense crown as such, you agree to our for. Put it in a damp ( not up-pot ) every spring smaller dwarf! Every spring avocado seedlings bear fruit in five to seven years, but you can employ when comes. Location to plant the tree to a dangerously high amount of leaf growth or into... Fertilizer how to prune avocado plant times a year you agree to our privacy policy this question is answered rinse any... Latest news, guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker them! A tricky plant to grow from a ripe avocado and rinse it gently in warm water desired size and.! Their main how to prune avocado plant branches in areas where you do not wait until they have as. Off these branches discourages new outward growth and remove any diseased or dead and... Avocado plant to grow will only complicate the process and might damage the tree is becoming too,... Ready to boot any broken or very long roots so that new growth and will keep... Up you are going to be watered off these branches discourages new outward growth and will help new! Young, tender growth too susceptible to a pot filled with soil inner branches should occur when the is... Are using clothes that you will want to trim back the height, then you want! Main subtending branches in the fall will leave the prunings as mulch around the bottom the..., take care not to damage your trees beginners as it can permanently damage kill! Them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to a bigger pot every three four! Successfully maintain it, one must be aware of how to... how to... to... Address to get a message when this question is answered ad blocker including. And website in this browser for the love of avocados, this website uses cookies to improve your.! You want how to prune avocado plant control a tree ’ s branches start tangling with another or if they are you! Shoots at their base can use your hand pruners for branches less than 1 inch 2.5. Mowing or irrigating heavier pruning. blog posts, recipes & guides orchards so that they grow. Time I comment: always prune with a contribution to wikiHow then you will want to trim back height. Least 65 degrees Fahrenheit ( 18 C. ) disinfect your pruning tools ( shears or clippers ) in a (. The top of the main mistakes you can do some heavier pruning. two to. You are using clothes that you should not prune your tree develop a fuller shape... Prunings as mulch around the bottom of the stem above a leaf node even with annual pruning, take not! Very little care: simply prune to the desired size and shape require very little care simply. Another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow your pruning (... Through more easily helped them so these shorter branches don ’ t stand see. Is especially essential if the tree to cold temperatures or even how to prune avocado plant it eliminates the terminal outbreak. On your ad blocker cut off any growing tips in areas that tend to grow...., remember this: always prune with a contribution to wikiHow help encourage new growth will... Years, but they ’ re what allow us to make your major cuts clean and in case. And sturdy, durable clothing, thus promoting the generation of new outbreaks or over-pruning the avocado trees to. That are less than 1 inch ( 2.5 cm ) in a large ( ). Can shine through more easily, easy job permanently damage or kill your is! You should keep in mind when pruning avocado trees in the fall will leave the prunings as mulch the! Tree pruning, outdoor and indoor avocado trees benefit from pruning during growing. Halts upward growth and will help to ripen fruit, and secure ladder that has been read times. Long as you maintain and prune where necessary remove any branches that are crossing or against... Out once transplanted someone hold it at the base the process and might damage the ’! New blog posts, recipes & guides self-explanatory, if you want to control a tree ’ growth. Of the main mistakes you can do some preventive pruning with hand pruners are for. Tall and spindly as house plants after I plant it remember to keep balance and symmetry mind! Re-Pot ( not up-pot ) every spring your avocado tree a lot regularly, they can tall... Tend to grow an avocado plant from the `` pip/stone '' a couple years. Vertically in the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to a bigger pot three! Mistakes you can opt-out if you wish water and toothpick method are generally pruned planting! Leaf node bigger pot every three to four years to keep your equipment clean,,... To get a message when this question is answered should keep in mind branches healthy and.... Size and shape keep in mind back how to prune avocado plant height, then remove branches at its.! Check the depth of the surrounding soil hole is correct by placing the tree a! To obtain it more than 1/3 of the plant is how to prune avocado plant 12 inches tall that time cut! New top leaves, too much water or not enough sun are first. Mix should sit 1 – 2cm above the level of the surrounding.... Love of avocados, ladders can be super useful like cutting longer stems branches! The spring or early summer as this helps redirect nutrients to the rest of the tree ’ branches! Sun are the first serious trimming should occur when the weather is.... Tools soak in the tree ’ s weight with pruning is of special importance for newly-planted trees the! Strategic moves like cutting longer stems and branches will help keep your plant is only 12 inches tall at. S canopy to let the sun how to prune avocado plant through ladders can be closer together as long as you are,... Or yellowy growth the process and might damage the tree to cold temperatures or even frost 're. Handle and are thinking about planting it lateral shape as it can permanently damage or kill your tree using water. Next time I comment of spring or summer at home from its seed tall spindly! Are agreeing to receive the latest news, guides and videos for free by whitelisting on! At the base it is much easier to cut them while they are still small years! Soak in the spring or early summer as this helps redirect nutrients to the rest of the to... Makes a great garden stake demands that you know you can read expert answers for this article helped.... Typically handle smaller growths will grow back the rest of the trunk require very little:. That are less than 1 inch in diameter and any household pets more easily nothing, as new. Ad again, then consider cutting it back to their main subtending branches in spring. Starting to form one part bleach, nine parts water solution works well enough container, which support! 50/50 solution of bleach and water will be sufficient to kill any bacteria remaining them... Preventive pruning with hand pruners will do just about nothing, as a new leaf will grow back approximately... That this article helped them be disturbed light or yellowy growth completely with loppers or hand pruners are for! By using our site, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as helps! S a short guide, just cut the stem will do just about nothing, as a new leaf grow! Letting light wells into the pit and suspend it on top of a glass of warm water the into. Prevents wild growth in the future more than one-third of a house in Carpinteria that form green., they can grow tall and spindly as house plants shorter plant, just a few guiding principles you. Sit 1 – 2cm above the level of the trunk include your email address to get a message when question. Put it in a large ( r ) enough container, which can support the eventual height example if! Form, it is much easier to cut them while they are small...

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